Sunday, February 9, 2014

Colombia

Colombia         Colombias conventional long form name is The country of Colombia. It has a republic giving medication, with the executive branch running the government structure. The capital is Bogota. They received indep land upence from Spain on July 10, 1810 and that is its home(a) pass also. The constitution was yield up in July 5, 1991. It is a dobriny in S egressh America. Colombia was one of three countries to pop out from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830. The other two were Venezuela and Ecuador. aft(prenominal) a 40 year insurgent campaign to subvert the government escalated in the 1990s, getting funded from the drug trades. Fighting and ferocity has been breach out and has made neighboring countries concerned nigh the force spilling over into their country. Colombia is b seted by the peace-loving marine, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and the Caribbean Sea. It is the and South American country with coastlines on both the marriage Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. A Colombian peso is fitted to 100 centavos. The total bea of Colombia is 1,138,910 sq. km. The landed estate atomic number 18a is 1,038,700 sq. km. The weewee area is 100,210 sq. km. In size Colombia is meagerly less than 3 times the size of Montana.         The climate of Colombia is loosely tropical on the coast and the eastern plains, but air-cooled when you get into the postgraduatelands. The terrain is unconditional in the coastal lowlands, central noblelands, the high Andes Mountains, and eastern lowland plains. The lowest point is at the Pacific Ocean at 0 m. The highest point is Nevado del Huila at 5,750 m. most(prenominal) of the immanent resources are petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron, ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, and hydropower. Colombias current natural hazards are highlands field of battle to volcanic eruptions, occasional earthquakes, and weekly droughts. Some current surroundings issues are th e deforestation, soil upon from overuse of ! pesticides, air befoulment in general in Bogota, from the vehicle emissions.         Colombias creation as of July 2000 is 39,685, 655. People ages 0-14 made up 32%, ages 15-64 made up 63%, and ages 65 years and up made up 5%. The population growth value is rising at 1.68%. The birth rate is at 22.85 births/1,000 population. The death rate is at 5.73 deaths/1,000 people. The migration rate has at rest(p) down in the past years though.         The life prevision for the country is at 70.28 years, for males it is at 66.43 years, and for females it is at 74.27 years. The ethnic groups that make up Colombia are: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, obscure black-Amerindian 3%, and Amerindian 1%. The main religion is Roman Catholic at 90% of the population. All of Colombia speaks Spanish.         Colombias economy is equanimous for moderate growth in the next several years, bell ringer an end to the severe 1999 recession. President Pastrana has put together a well-respected sparing team, which is taking steps to make sure the recovery is successful. The fanfare rate in Colombia is at 9.2% as of 1999. Some of the with child(p) overbolds is that the unemployment rate has reached a new high at 20%. Some of the industries are textiles, food processing, oil, clothe and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement, gold, coal, and emeralds.         The main agriculture products are coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, and vegetables. The country has merchandise partners much(prenominal) as the U.S., Japan, and Europe. The commodities are petroleum, coffee, coal, gold, bananas, and cut flowers. The trade partners are the U.S., Japan, and Europe also. Its commodities are industrial equipment, consumer safe(p)s, chemicals, paper products, fuels, and electricity. They yield a 35 billion dollar debt, but they just straight receive a 40.7 milli on dollar economic aid.         The ! troops in Colombia is made up of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the National Police. equal though they wealthy soulfulness this type of military Colombia unruffled can many drugs such as coca, opium poppies, and cannabis. It is the worlds lead coca cultivator, and a supplier of heroin to the fall in States.         The conveying is mainly in the highways. They do rich person many waterways and airports though. They have 1,101 airports but out of that many totally 90 of them have paved runways and 1,011 of them have unpaved runways. The communications are mainly by phone but they do have somewhat internet access, television, and radios.         Colombia makes as a genuine country. It is nerve-racking to sustain itself back from hard times, but new ones custody on coming such as a high rate of unemployment and all of the extracurricular drugs that are being made for money. President Pastrana is doing a good job trying to keep their countr y together and it should keep the peace amidst the other countries surrounding it. Colombia. Encyclopedia Britannica. (1990). Vol. 3. 460-461. Raymond Leslie Williams., & Kevin G. Guerrrieri. (1999). Culture & custom of Colombia. Greenwood press. Retrieved January 17, 2002, from hypertext transfer protocol://education.yahoo.com/reference/factbook/co/econom.html. Retrieved January 17, 2002, from http://www.colombia.com Retrieved January 17, 2002, from http://dailynews.yahoo.com/herum/20020104/wl/colombia_peace_dc_l.html. Retrieved January 17, 2002, from http:// www.tribune.atfreeweb.com/extract19012001.htm Tricia Haynes (1985). 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